Time for an Old Testament theology lesson. Some believe that Judaism is just another pagan religion like all the others. They can match up different things that happened in the Old Testament to things that occurred in the writings of pagan religions and claim that Judaism sprang from or borrowed from many of the pagan religions to formulate their story. I, however, believe that Judaism differed from all other forms of religion and paganism in almost every aspect of its nature. From their gods, temples, and priests to their sacrifices and spiritual behavior pagan religions differed in every way.
The basic idea of Israelite religion is that God is supreme over all. There is nothing around Him our outside of him that has authority or sovereignty over Him. Unlike man and the pagan gods, the God of Judaism is not subject to laws, physical dependences nor time. He is non-mythological in all that He is and does.
God has no ancestry and fathers no generations of other gods. The God of Judaism does not inherit authority nor does He pass it on to other generations. He does not die, He does not have any sexual qualities, and He does not depend upon other powers or things outside of himself. God is completely independent. Unlike most pagan religions who’s gods sound and act like everyday humans with super powers.
The one true God of Judaism has no companions and his opponents are lifeless idols made out of wood, metal, or other created materials. The God of Judaism is jealous and battles with other gods throughout the Old Testament, which are not really gods at all, but figments of humans imagination and need for something to worship.
Another thing that sets Judaism apart is the doctrine of creation. God is the one, and only one who creates everything. There was nothing before he created it, and He created it all out of nothing, ex-nihilio. Creation did not occur by some sexual process, nor did it come from the seed, blood, spit, tears of God. Most of the pagan religions have a common mythological event such as divine births, deaths, wars, banquets, and amusements that mark what creation was all about.
The gods of paganism always derive their power from something outside of themselves. You have gods of water, sky, earth, wind, and so on. However, God does not draw from any source outside of Himself, nor is He dependent upon the things that he himself created. He existed before the earth and everything in it did, and He will exist long after those things fade away. God’s destiny is determined by God alone and not the lives of other pagan gods.
The Israelites God is far above the laws of the universe and fate, which most pagan gods are subject to. There are really no fights between gods, battles for heaven, and God certainly does not use sorcery like some pagan gods were known to do. God does not sin, He does not mess up, and He is not subject to anyone’s will but His own. These things sets Judaism apart from all other religions.
Though some writings and stories may have similarities, there are no other religions nor pagan gods that could ever live up to the one true God. He is far greater than anything man could conceive. His word is more powerful than any other text or material ever written, because it contains life. The bible is packed with the power of God, filled with the love of God, drips with the blood of Christ that cleanses us from all unrighteousness, and leads us to the truth. No other book can claim it… The God of the Israelites, the God who has revealed Himself throughout history, He is the one true God who deserves our worship and praise.